Wednesday, June 3, 2020
BeÃ roulÃ¢â¬â¢s The Romance of Tristan exhibits the inevitable, predetermined relationship between Tristan and Yseut. Neither Tristan, Yseut, nor Mark is able to interfere with the loversÃ¢â¬â¢ relationship, suggesting that fate takes away choice and freewill in love. Other characters, such as Frocin, prove that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s fate can be changed if he or she knows about it in advance and actively tries to prevent this outcome. TristanÃ¢â¬â¢s experience with love happens to be dictated by uncontrollable fate. However, the other characters have differing beliefs about the role of fate in an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life, suggesting that the fateÃ¢â¬â¢s role may not be as powerful. The love potion that Tristan and Yseut drink makes them powerless over their newfound love for one another. The element of choice is completely removed from love and their subsequent actions reflect this as well. Therefore, Tristan and YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s fates are inevitable. When Tristan and Yseut drink the love potion, the narrator states Ã¢â¬Å"Both thought it was good wine: neither knew that it held for them a lifetime of suffering and hardship and that it was to cause their destruction and their deathÃ¢â¬ (BeÃ roul 44.) It is fate that brings the two together through the love potion. Even after the potion wears off, Tristan and Yseut continue to love each other, exhibiting that their love had been fated from the beginning. Tristan and Yseut lament the knightly and queenly lives that they may have led if fate, or love, had not interfered. When the potion is no longer in effect, Yseut returns to being queen and Tristan returns to the forest, yet they are still preoccupied with their loyalty to each other. This leads them to continue to miss out on their once lamented duties, proposing the idea that both YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s and TristanÃ¢â¬â¢s actions are controlled by fate. Tristan exclaims Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËWhat a fate! What I have suffered for the sake of love!Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (BeÃ roul 152). Tristan speaks as if love is synonymous with destiny, and he is its eternal servant because he does not have the ability to control his desires to be back with Yseut. It also becomes clear that the other characters in The Romance of Tristan cannot successfully interfere with Tristan and YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship. Mark is persuaded to do so by the barons, beginning with hiding in a tree to spy on them, and progressing to chopping down the trees that Ã¢â¬Å"grew miraculously, one from TristanÃ¢â¬â¢s tomb and one from YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s; their branches intertwined over the apseÃ¢â¬ (BeÃ roul 165). Despite MarkÃ¢â¬â¢s effort to cut down the trees three times, they grow back each time. The last line of the story, Ã¢â¬Å"Some say it was the power of love that did this,Ã¢â¬ emphasizes the fate that causes their death and follows them to their graves (BeÃ roul 165). This symbolizes both the powerlessness to resist predestined love or to change oneÃ¢â¬â¢s fate. Aside from Tristan and YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s predestined relationship, fate is not a direct causal factor of the other events that take place. Frocin, the wicked dwarf, is an astrologer who Ã¢â¬Å"knew what was to happen in the future: when he heard that a child was born, he could predict all the events of its lifeÃ¢â¬ (BeÃ roul 54). Frocin has a reputation for being cunning, manipulative, and malevolent, which are represented by his appearance. However, the barons who advise Mark trust Frocin to preach what was believed to be the truth, exhibiting that the characters believed in fate. FrocinÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to predict the future seems to eliminate the possibility of freewill if an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s fate is predetermined. Frocin is able to read his own future and decides to flee to Wales when Ã¢â¬Å"he learned that the king was menacing him and would not rest until he had killed himÃ¢â¬ (BeÃ roul 54). FrocinÃ¢â¬â¢s flight implies that if one knows his or her future, he or she can change it, questioning the idea that fate is perpetually unchangeable. This example of freewill may be valid but it clearly does not apply to Tristan and YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s situation, and quite possibly love as a whole. Thus, the theory that fate is generally inevitable in life is inconclusive as there is a lack in consistency among the unique situations of each character. BeÃ roulÃ¢â¬â¢s narration and OgrinÃ¢â¬â¢s advice provide a context for the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ understandings of fate. Orgin is a hermit who represents the views of Catholicism and how the Church would view adultery. When Ogrin meets Tristan and Yseut, he encourages them to repent, saying Ã¢â¬Å"God will pardon the sin of a man who repents in good faith by making confessionÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (BeÃ roul 79). Tristian claims that their love is due to the love potion yet Orgin still sees Tristan as a sinner, suggesting the ChristiansÃ¢â¬â¢ lack of belief in fate. When Tristan and Yseut are reunited with Ogrin three years later, Ogrin still urges them to repent, and then helps them do so. In spite of this, Ogrin insists they must Ã¢â¬Å"think of some suitable falsehoodsÃ¢â¬ to cover up their misdeeds, which is questionable coming from a religious figure (BeÃ roul 100). OgrinÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs that sins can be repented and that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s future can be changed opposes FrocinÃ¢ â¬â¢s conviction that each personÃ¢â¬â¢s fate is written in the stars before birth. This discrepancy perpetuates the inconclusiveness over whether or not fate is inevitable. Along with BeÃ roulÃ¢â¬â¢s narration, these differences in beliefs suggest the true role of fate in an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life remains unknown. The Romance of Tristan tells the tale of the love story between Tristan and Yseut that is brought upon them by fate, inevitably leads to their deaths, and is subsequently eternally present. Tristan and Yseut do not have the freewill or ability to make choices that are in the best interests of others, especially King Mark. Therefore, it can be concluded that Tristan and YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s fate is inevitable because they could not live separately from one another, even after the power of choice was theoretically granted to them when the potion wore off. Mark and Yseut tried to do what they believed to be right, yet fall back into lies and deception because of their destiny. This is seen in YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s literally truthful oath when she states Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËI swear, and may it reassure the king: so help me God and St Hilary, and by these relics, this holy place, the relics that are not here and all the relics there are in the world, I swear that no man ever came between my thighs except fo r the leper who carried me on his back across the ford and my husband, King MarkÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (BeÃ roul 141- 142). Although the role of fate in life in general is not concretely portrayed in The Romance of Tristan, it is evident that TristanÃ¢â¬â¢s and YseutÃ¢â¬â¢s love, lives, and deaths reflect the inevitable fate of their love.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
When discussion of the black race is brought up, usually viewpoints of the man is the vocal point. As history is told from a manÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, woman are left out and often, come last. Black woman in particular have reached a point where in order to be seen and heard, they have to take control of their narrative. Becoming aware of their role in the world, how society treats them versus how they need to be treated is important for future generations of woman and men of the black race to change an atmosphere in America and the rest of the world, to their benefit. Feminism, black feminism, African feminism, womanism and Africana womanism, prove to hold conflicting yet engaging viewpoints within the academic world of black woman. As some terms are preferred over others, it is still great to have discussions concerning what black women think. On the outside, negative views of feminists would be that they are gay woman who hate men, however not all feminists hate men or are lesbians . In general, feminism is the belief and fight for womanÃ¢â¬â¢s rights in the political, economic and social field equal to men. Even men can support this. Its beginnings come from the WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Suffrage Movement in 1848 in America, and has spread to other countries in the late 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s history as well as other places have had a patriarchal society that is tied to the modern worldÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment towards women. Men have been held above woman, and having religions and social institutions that standShow MoreRelatedWomanism762 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAfricana Womanism: An Historical, Global Prespective for Women of African Descent Africana Womanism: An Historical, Global Perspective for Women of African Descent is an essay based on Africana Womanism and how it compares to white feminism. The essay was written by Clenora Hudson-Weems, an African American writer and literary critic. She was born in Oxford, Mississippi and she was raised in Memphis, Tennessee. I will compare Africana Womanism and Feminism and discuss the definition of theRead MoreWhat s Africana Womanism From Other Ideologies Or Schools Of Thought?1798 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesdistinguishes Africana Womanism from other ideologies or schools of thought? As aforementioned, there has been tension between the United States suffrage groups, many of which later transformed into feminist groups, and Black women. Nevertheless, many Black women choose to identify as a Ã¢â¬Å"Black FeministÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"African FeministÃ¢â¬ in an attempt to forge a pro-women and pro-Black space. Black Feminism sought to address the same intersectional issues (including misogynoir) facing Black women as Africana WomanismRead MoreFeminist Theory1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFeminism refers to political, cultural, and economic movements aimed at establishing greater rights, legal protection for women, and or womens liberation. It includes some of the sociological theories and philosophies concerned with issues of gender difference. Nancy Cott defines feminism as the belief in the importance of gender equality, invalidating the idea of gender hierarchy as a socially constructed concept. Feminism has earned itself a bad reputation, but it never undermined gender differences
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Over the past decade there has been an epidemic on the rise. This epidemic is child obesity. We spend millions of dollars each year trying to help or prevent the onset of obesity. Some of the reasons are due to our youth consuming more processed foods and not being physically active. However, we as a society cannot just blame the laziness and not eating the correct types of foods as the cause for obesity. This problem is more complex than people think and we can fix it, but we do need government cooperation. There are many causes of obesity some of which are poverty, food insecurity, parenting, and physical activity. The United States has the highest amount of people below the poverty line in its history. Since these people make below $20,000 dollars a year, their only way of feeding themselves is buying the cheapest food. The cheapest food in a food market is almost always processed food. These types of foods do not have the best nutrient content. Eating these types of foods more frequently can increase a personÃ¢â¬â¢s risk of becoming obese. One of the many reasons people consume processed foods is because they are very cheap Ã¢â¬Å"The relative price of fresh fruits and vegetables itÃ¢â¬â¢s gone up by 40% since 1980 when the obesity epidemic first began. In contrast, the relative price of processed foods has gone down by about 40%Ã¢â¬ (A Place at the Table). Since processed foods are cheap, people under the poverty line will mostly buy these types of foods. Sometimes people under theShow MoreRelatedThe Child Obesity Epidemic2395 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesHave we all question ourselves wha t is childhood obesity? Well today about one in three children in America are overweight or obese, which has tripled since 1963. The American Heart Association, comments that among the children today, obesity has been causing a reach of health problem that was only seen in adulthood. Obesity not only affects children appearance or the fit of their clothing. The people that are obese most likely will have health problems such as joint problem, sleep apnea, and asthmaRead MoreThe Child Obesity Epidemic in America1089 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChildhood obesity is a major cause for concern within the United States. This is mainly due to children not getting the require nutrition that they need. Although study show that there is a decrease in obesity in children, it still remains at an all-time high. Children are failing to eat as healthy as they should, and it has become an even bigger problem now that they arenÃ¢â¬â¢t getting the require amount of food in their diets. The USDA made a de cision a couple of years ago to reduce the amount of foodRead MoreThe National Child Obesity Epidemic Essay1859 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesyears, childhood obesity has more than tripled. The pervasiveness of obesity has increased from 6.5% in 1980 to 20% in 2014 among children aged 6 to 11. The prevalence of obesity among adolescents aged 12 to 19 increased from 5.0% to 18.1% during the same 30-year period. With that said, America is experiencing a very serious health issue concerning its youth. Obesity results from an imbalance involving excessive calorie consumption and/or inadequate physical activity. In addition, obesity is mediatedRead MoreChildhood Obesity Essay examples1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageschildhood obesity was rarely a topic of conversation. A survey done in the early 1970s showed that 6.1% of children between the ages 12 and 19 were overweight. Eight years later the same survey was done and 17.4% were considered overweight (Iannelli). Ã¢â¬Å"Childhood obesity epidemic in A merica is now a confirmed fact since the number of overweight or obese children has more than tripled during the last 30 yearsÃ¢â¬ (Childhood Obesity Epidemic). Ã¢â¬Å"Over the last 20 years, the prevalence of obesity in childrenRead MoreChildhood Obesity : A Developing Problem1197 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesObesity in America is a developing problem, and not just in adults. Today, one in three American children and teens are either overweight or obese; almost triple the rate previously in 1963. Child obesity has expeditiously become one of the most genuine health challenges of the 21st century (Ã¢â¬Å"10 Surprising Facts About Childhood ObesityÃ¢â¬ ). Physical inactivity, race, junk food in schools, the mass media, and the childÃ¢â¬â¢s parents flaws are all factors that have resulted in the prevalence of childhoodRead MoreChildhood Obesity Is A Growing Epidemic1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChildhood obesity is a growing epidemic. The UK has estimated through their schoolsÃ¢â¬â¢ Na tional Child Measurement Program that one-third of the children there are overweight, and by 2050 that number could rise to an alarming two-thirds (Phillips 2). There are many uncontrollable factors in childhood obesity such as the environment, income and genetics. However, parents are the most overlooked factor. Our childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s futures, with regard to their eating habits, are in the hands of their parents. UltimatelyRead MoreEssay on Greg Cristers quot;Too Much of a Good Thingquot;993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThing Greg Crister, the author of the op-ed essay that was featured in the Los Angeles Times, Too Much of a Good Thing, argues that in order to stop obesity, we should stigmatize overeating. Crister states that we should place shame on overeating due to the rising obesity epidemic that faces the world today. The U.N. proclaims that obesity is a dominant unmet global health issue, with Westernized countries topping the list. Crister states that twenty five percent of all Americans under theRead MoreChildhood Obesity800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ I. Introduction a. Childhood obesity is a rising epidemic in the United States. b. We can teach children healthy eating habits, incorporate physical activity and lead by example. II. Teaching healthy eating habits a. Educate children about healthy foods and their benefits b. Provide healthy alternatives to unhealthy snacks c. Limit fast food for meals III. Incorporating physical activity a. Limit time for electronic use b. Set a specific amount of time for daily outside activity cRead MoreObesity : Childhood Obesity Epidemic1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesarticle Ã¢â¬Å"There is no Childhood Obesity EpidemicÃ¢â¬ discussed the there is a Ã¢â¬Å"stunningÃ¢â¬ drop in childhood obesity rate. He claims that obesity rates among two to five year olds have plunged over the past decade, and that the so called Ã¢â¬Å"obesity epidemicÃ¢â¬ had ended. I strongly disagree with Campos view that there is no childhood obesity epidemic, this is due to the researches that was done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention which shows that childhood obesity has more than doubled in childrenRead MoreParents As Means Of Change For The Childhood Obesity Epidemic1115 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMeans of Change for the Childhood Obesity Epidemic Introduction The epidemic of obesity has been a serious public health concern in the United States. The rapid increase in the prevalence of this epidemic has shown to be higher among ethnic groups (Klohe, 2004). In addition, those of lower socioeconomic status are 50% more likely to be obese than those from higher education/income backgrounds (U.S. Department of Heath and Human Services, 2001). For children, obesity can lead to serious health outcomes
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Fundamentals Operations Management Toronto? Answer: Introducation Currently, Genesis healthcare is performing well in terms of financials. The year 2017 financial results show that the recorded EBITDA( earnings before Interest, tax and dividends totaled to $126 million). Although this was a decrease from the previous years figure of $197 million that was recorded in 2016, the company is recording positive results regardless (BRIGHAM, 2018). The continued growth is due to strategic acquisition that is being executed. This coupled with the growth in innovative care delivery segments, efficiencies in operating cost as well as the selling of non core assets. The company expects a 14% EBITDA growth at the midpoint of the financial year i.e from the financial year 2016 to 2017 (Financial management, 2014). Discuss HOW the business is performing According to financial experts, if you do not have an adequate financial strategy, sooner or later you will have problems to fulfill your mission and strategic objectives. No matter what your mission is, if it is without or for profit, if it is public or private property, every hospital will benefit from an adequate financial strategy that supports its mission. What does change, depending on the hospital's property, is the focus of that strategy. While for a private for-profit hospital profitability is key, and for a private non-profit, sustainability and perhaps growth are important, for a public hospital its problem is mainly financial planning. Private hospitals supporting growth In the case of Genesis heathcare, the financial strategy is vital to ensure sustained growth..According to this publication, in the first quarter of 2017, the adjusted EBITDAR was $165.7 million as compared to $178.4 million in 2016. The adjusted EBITDA in the first quarter of 2017 was $129.6 million compared to $141.0 million in the first quarter of 2016 (BRIGHAM, 2018). According to the CEO the performance is attributed to disciplined management of costs, collection of bad debts that is progressive and a continued positive growth in the hospitals value based initiatives have contributed to a good performance. In terms of Debt, the average hospital has a return on equity (ROE) of 7%, and a return on assets (ROA) of 5.1%. That is, they have a leverage of 1.37 times (Madura, 2018). This means that for every dollar invested in the company one has 37 cents of Debt. In the last year, it grew by 10.9% and for this purpose it invested US $ 4.2 million in technology, while its debt decrease d by 1.4%. This shows that the management of Genesis healthcare has managed to run the hospital in an efficient way. Where is it performing well? The continued growth is due to strategic acquisition that is being executed. This coupled with the growth in innovative care delivery segments, efficiencies in operating cost as well as the selling of non core assets and customer retention. Where is it performing poorly? The hospital is performing poorly in debt payment that is why restricting of capital structure could not have come at a better time. Changes in Performance over the past 5- 10 years Genesis healthcare has reported a growth in general performance for the last 10 years. It has grown in leap and bound in the said period making it among the biggest performers in the health care industry in America. Its stock has largely grown to almost double its share price in the,last 10 years. The increase in performance of Genesis Healthcare (NYSE: GEN) has led to double the amount of staff. It has approximately 450 skilled nursing institutions and centres. It also has senior living communities in over 30 states in America (Khan and Jain, 2007). Changes started in the management of the company and has seen several management. Performance Improvement Recommendation Here are some suggestions to improve productivity and performance: The business has changed the management severally. The latest management structure led by the CEO has set a raft of measures aimed at improving the performance of the human resource in the company. This may seem superficial, but the raft of measures have actually increased the performance of the company (BRIGHAM, 2018). Change of work mentality: it is not better to be more hours in Genesis healthcare position if not to meet objectives. Each one must have his own and that is what must be evaluated. Forget the culture of presentism. (Madura, 2018). Enjoy at work: it seems something very used always but it is real. The worker who goes every day to the motivated office will perform his tasks better and therefore will achieve his objectives. The motivation and involvement of employees are fundamental pillars for the operation of any company. Creativity: we must encourage it. Nothing to mechanically repeat a task without providing inspiration and creativity. We must pursue this object of desire that can be very useful for both parties(Luftig and Ouellette, 2012). The following are the changes in programs for the last 10 years. These are also the success in the programs instituted by the company. Work behaviours: some have to be modified because they come from other times and now they do not have the same meaning. They are neither the most correct nor the most adequate. You have to look for managers who know how to work as a team and direct people with everything that comes with it. A greater union of company and workers, greater growth everywhere (Khan and Jain, 2007). Time of the meal: if you look at other countries, the time you have for lunch is about 30 or 45 minutes compared to the two hours we usually spend in Spain. It does not make much sense to waste so much time because this may mean that you can get out earlier. The responsibility belongs to everyone: it is not worth complaining without doing anything. The workers can request but giving in return what corresponds and the employers have to make an effort to make a more modern labour system and with necessary measures(Improving business processes: expert solutions to everyday challenges, 2010). Challenges There are several challenges that are facing Genesis Healthcare. In the US alone, healthcare takes approximately 20% of the GDP which is quite a large percentage of the money. The first challenge to contend with is the digital underinvestment. Digital underinvestment By some estimates, healthcare spending in the US is close to 20% of GDP, but healthcare marketers aren't funneling much of their marketing dollars into digital.One of the consequences is the creation of third parties through digital underinvestment in which a diagnosis can be checked online. Many marketers including Genesis has lost a lot of customers in this way (Davis, Balakrishnan and Heineke, 2007). Market structure In the US ,very few consumers pay directly for healthcare which makes this not a typical market. Third parties like the health insurers are now in charge of controlling the bills are are responsible for when, how and where a consumer is accessing a healthcare system. This challenge leaves the marketer with ample struggles of convincing the consumer that it provides the best services. Controversies such as drug pricing has put healthcare facilities like Genesis healthcare facing a lot of trust issues from its consumers. This has led to a trust gap. Recommendation to these Challenges These challenges can be mitigated by setting a good healthcare bill that is both free, just and fair to both parties in the healthcare industry. The parties are the healthcare institutions and the consumers. Insurers should have minimal right in choosing where a patient can go to keep the market liberal and free .Many of these services provided should also be quality to ensure a consumer gets the maximum value for their money. Conclusion This may seem superficial, but the raft of measures have actually increased the performance of the company. There are several factors that have contributed to the slump in healthcare business in America. You have to look for managers who know how to work as a team and direct people with everything that comes with it. A greater union of company and workers, greater growth everywhere. References BRIGHAM, E. (2018).FUNDAMENTALS OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT. [S.l.]: SOUTH-WESTERN. Davis, M., Balakrishnan, J. and Heineke, J. (2007).Fundamentals of operations management. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson. Falcone, P., Sachs, R. and Sachs, R. (2007).Productive performance appraisals. New York: AMACOM, American Management Association. Improving business processes: expert solutions to everyday challenges. (2010). Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business Review Press. Khan, M. and Jain, P. (2007).Financial management. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill. Luftig, J. and Ouellette, S. (2012).Business performance excellence. London: Bloomsbury. Watch, G. (2014).Global Health Watch 4. London: Zed Books. Madura, J. (2018).International financial management. US: Cengage Learning Custom Publicatio
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band are both examples of the murder mystery genre Essay Example
Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band are both examples of the murder mystery genre Paper The murder mystery genre always includes four main ingredients. These are the crime, the villain, the victim and of course, the detective. Usually, in classic examples of this genre, the detective finds out what has happened and solves the crime. However, the above mentioned ingredients can be mixed together to create different recipes for murder mysteries. Whereas in most stories in this genre the villain is caught or killed, in a small minority, the villain gets away with the crime, making the detective look unprofessional. I have read two stories which cover both of the endings in this genre. These are Lamb to the Slaughter by Roald Dahl and The Speckled Band by Arthur Conan Doyle. I am going to explain in detail how these two short stories are both similar and different. As I mentioned before, every story that has a murder mystery theme, involves a crime. In Lamb to the Slaughter, the murder is totally unplanned. It happens on the spur of the moment. Mary Maloney, the so-called villain, kills her husband using a frozen leg of lamb. As I found out whilst reading this story, this is an unusual kind of weapon, but effective nevertheless. Mary Maloney is a typical housewife from the time of when this story was written, circa 1950. We will write a custom essay sample on Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band are both examples of the murder mystery genre specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band are both examples of the murder mystery genre specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band are both examples of the murder mystery genre specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer She works at home all day, doesnt go out much and hasnt even an ounce of a social life. Shes also married to a senior policeman, Mr. Patrick Maloney. On the night of the murder, Patrick has just come home from work. Mary is just about to make dinner. She is being very nice to Patrick as usual. We find out that Mary loves Patrick to bits and cherishes every moment she spends with him. She adores every little thing about this man, She loved him for the way he sat loosely in a chair She loved the intent, far look in his eyes. After the couple have their usual drink, Patrick explains something to Mary. As the readers, we dont get an insight to what is being said, but we do get a picture of what it is about. Of course Ill give you money and see youre looked after, Patrick says. We come to the conclusion that whatever Patrick has said, really shocked and bewildered Mary. She shows this not by having a temper tantrum and yelling at Patrick, but by whispering, Ill get the supper, and walking out of the room. To us, it feels as though Patrick is telling her that he is leaving home. This is because we are told that she was, watching him with a kind of dazed horror as he went further and further away with each word. In my opinion, it is not a very good idea to leave your wife especially when she is pregnant with your baby. Mary walks down to the cellar to fetch the meat. She pulls a frozen leg of lamb out of the freezer and carries it back upstairs. As she enters the room, her husband hears her and says, For Gods sake. Dont make supper for me. Im going out. At this point, I think the last, tiny piece of string holding Marys brain together just snapped. She walks up behind Patrick, who is standing facing the window, and whacks him on the head with the leg of lamb. In The Speckled Band, the crime is carefully planned and breathtakingly complicated. It is also safe to say that the victim is not killed using a dead, frozen animal limb! The person who dies in this story has fallen victim to a crime that been organized over a lengthy period of time. Dr. Roylott, the villain and man we are supposed to loathe by the end of this story, wants to kill both of his two step-daughters. The murder takes place in the bedroom of one of the daughters, Julias. The bedrooms are placed like this, Dr. Roylotts is first in the corridor, then Julias in the middle and then Helen, the other daughters, is last in line. All three rooms are built facing the garden. As I have already explained, the crime is very complex. Dr. Roylott has rigged Julias room with a fake air-vent system which is connected to his own room via the wall. On Julias side, the opening of the vent had a dummy bell-rope hanging from it. At night, according to Helen, Julia heard, a low clear whistle. Every night, Dr. Roylott would send a snake, trained using a whip-cord, a bowl of milk and a whistle, through the ventilation system into Julias room. He did this in hope of the snake biting Julia, as her bed was bolted to the floor under the vent. Helen explains that on the night of Julias death, Julia had asked her sister, Have you ever heard anyone whistle in the dead of the night? After a brief conversation between the two sisters, Julia returns to her room and locks the door shut. The windows are also very small and too narrow for anyone to pass through. This shows us that it is impossible for anyone to enter Julias room at night. We are told by Helen, that there are some gypsies that are staying in the grounds behind the house. We expect the gypsies to have something to do with the murder. However, Sherlock Holmes immediately discards this theory after inspecting the windows. This makes the gypsies the red herrings in this story. The reason the girls kept their doors locked at night was because Dr. Roylott was a wild animals enthusiast and kept a cheetah and baboon in the grounds. On the night of the murder, Helen says that she has an uneasy feeling, A vague feeling of impending misfortune impressed me. She also tells us that the weather is very bad outside. This makes the whole atmosphere of the story even tenser, which in turn makes it even more of a classic murder mystery, where everything is dark and bleak. Helen heard the wild scream of a terrified woman amidst all the noise of the rain and thunder outside. As Helen ran to her sisters bedroom, she hears the same low whistle Julia was talking about earlier that night. She also heard a metallic clanging sound. As Helen approached her sisters room, the door was open. Julia appeared at the opening, her face blanched with terror, her hands groping for help. Julia is convulsing all the while, and Helen explains that it was not easy to understand what she was saying. Julia managed to gasp one final piece of vital information before she perished, Oh, my God Helen! It was the band! The speckled band! We can see that The Speckled Band is a more mature story. The crime is much more dramatic. The main difference between the stories at the moment is that one has been planned carefully and other is just something that happens at the last minute. The crime in Lamb to the Slaughter is quite humorous, whereas the crime in The Speckled Band is very serious. We expect killers, murderers and rapists to be men. It is just something we have come to believe. Whether we are watching television, reading a book or looking at a wanted sign in a shop window, out first conclusion is that the bad guy is actually going to be a guy. What do we expect a villain to be doing in his or her spare time? Washing the dishes? Cooking the dinner? Dusting the furniture? Having a baby? Well these are just some of the routine jobs that the killer in Lamb to the Slaughter does. Surprisingly, this kind, gentle and loving woman, isnt all what she is made out to be. Although she doesnt mind being classed as a domestic creature, Mary shows a quality most other 1950s housewives dont. She shows that she really does have a brain and that she can use it. She shows her quick-wittedness and that she can work way out of problems herself. It comes as a shock to us when we find out that the killer in Lamb to the Slaughter is a woman. But not only is she just a woman, but she is an expecting mother. We would never even dream that she would be the murderer by the way Roald Dahl describes her at the start of the story. Mary is just one of those average 1950s housewives that stay at home all day, cleaning up and getting the dinner ready. What makes it even harder for us to believe that she would kill Patrick is that she loves him so much. Dahl says that she loved to sunbathe in the warm, male glow that came out of him. Mary knows every little thing about this man. Exactly what time he is going to be home, exactly what drink he is going to want and even how he wants it. There is a point when Patrick has finished his drink and about to get another, when Mary suddenly shoots up, Ill get it! she cries, jumping up. This shows just how much she cares for him. She knows he is going to be tired, so she does every little thing for him. We can see that Mary is anything but the stereotypical murderer. She just doesnt have the characteristics. We start to wonder, was what Patrick said so unimaginably terrible, that it provoked Mary to kill the man she undyingly loved? Another thing we have to take into account is that she is not just an average housewife; she is a very clever housewife. After killing Patrick, lots of thoughts start crossing her mind. She thinks that she will face the death penalty. She knows she must save her child, so devises a plan to get out of the murder. She touches up her lips and face and goes to the grocers. When she speaks to Sam, the man who owns the shop, she acts very normal. I want some potatoes please, Sam. Yes, and I think a can of peas. She had already rehearsed these lines beforehand at home. What Mary is doing here, is creating an alibi. The villain in The Speckled Band is the complete opposite of Mary Maloney. Unlike in Lamb to the Slaughter, it isnt much of a shock to us when we find out that Dr. Roylott is the murderer. Dr. Roylott is described as being quite a fierce looking man. It is said that he is a huge man. He sounds like a killer to us already. A large face, seared with a thousand wrinkles and marked with every evil passion. This line makes it even easier for us to picture Dr. Roylott as the killer. Dr. Roylott also has history of violence. Helen says that, he beat his native butler to death, and narrowly escaped a capital sentence. Dr. Roylott is not just brawn, he also has a brain, as his title suggests. He is extremely clever. You have to clever in order to organize a crime like this one. The crime in The Speckled Band would require a man of genius to carry it out. It is in total contrast to the crime in Lamb to the Slaughter where Patrick is killed with a single blow to the head. Another reason why we come to accept Dr. Roylott as the murderer is because he is the girls step-father, meaning he is not their biological father and may not have much love for them. In Lamb to the Slaughter though, Mary soaks Patrick in her love. We feel no sympathy for Dr. Roylott because he only wants to kill the two girls for their money. Helen explains, Each daughter can claim an income of i 250, in case of marriage even one of them would cripple him to a serious extent. In Lamb to the Slaughter, Mary kills Patrick because of deeper reasons. We feel sympathetic towards her because we come to the conclusion that Patrick is leaving her. As we can clearly see now, Dr. Roylott is a stereotypical killer. He has all the characteristics of a ruthless villain. Stereotypically, the victim is the weak, fragile, little lady and the villain is the big, demented, monster of a man. Lamb to the Slaughter though, as we have come to realize, doesnt quite follow the pattern most other stories in this genre do. This is exactly the case when we come to the victim in Lamb to the Slaughter. Patrick Maloney is a senior policeman, and supposedly quite a big, strong man. Certainly strong enough to defend himself against a weak, little lady like his wife. He is not the typical murder victim. He doesnt fit the description. We would expect the scenario to be the other way round. Where Patrick would have a motive for killing Mary. We feel no sympathy towards Patrick when he dies. I think we area actually meant to be happy when he is killed. We are not supposed to like him. This is because he has apparently told Mary that he is leaving her, which to us is for reasons unknown. In fact, I think Patrick deserved what he got. I dont think Mary, who cherished every moment with him, would kill Patrick for a minor thing. What Patrick said, must have been pretty serious. Patrick did not seem to treat Mary with the same love and respect that she showed him from the start. Every time Patrick said something to Mary, it consisted mainly of one word sentences. For example, when Mary lovingly asks Patrick if he would like supper, Patrick just plainly says, No. He doesnt say Its okay love, or, No thank you dear. Because of all these things, we get the feeling that Patrick had it coming. We never at any point feel sorry for him. In complete comparison to Patrick, Helen from The Speckled Band, is the typical victim. Helen is one of those women that require a man to do everything for them. When we first read about her, we are told that she is, in a pitiable state of agitation. She is quite scared, even in the presence of the Great Sherlock Holmes. Even though Helen does not die in the story, we still feel greatly sympathetic towards her. This is because, not only has she lost her twin sister, but also because she does not have a reason to be killed. She hasnt done anything to hurt Dr. Roylott. He only wants to kill Helen because of the money she will inherit when she marries. As I have already mentioned, Helen is weak and innocent, she does not deserve to die. This is completely different to Lamb to the Slaughter, where Patrick is the wrong-doer and has it coming. Helen is the stereotypical murder victim mainly due to the fact that she is weak and fragile. Sherlock Holmes notices five livid spots, the marks of four fingers and a thumb, printed upon Helens wrist. You have been cruelly used, says Holmes. This makes is even easier for us to see why Helen is a typical victim. We now know that she has been abused in the past. We can see that both stories are opposite in two places. In Lamb to the Slaughter, the killer is a woman and the victim is a man. In The Speckled Band, the killer is a man, and the victim is a woman. Detectives are given their jobs because they are particularly skilled in their field of work. They usually show exceptional talent which is of a higher standard than that of a regular policeman. However, in Lamb to the Slaughter, the paragraph above does not relate the slightest. Jack Noonan and OMalley are the detectives that arrive to solve the crime. Although they are showing signs of being professionals, for example they take photographs and check for fingerprints, this soon changes as they begin to make gross errors. The first thing they do wrong is assume that the killer is a man. Its the old story. Get the weapon and youve got the man. This tells us that they are already confident that the killer is a man. Mary is quite safe now, due to the fact that she is no longer a suspect. The second thing that jack does wrong is quite a serious mistake. Jack drinks alcohol while he is on the job. What makes this situation humorous is that he actually knows himself that he is not allowed. Im not strictly allowed, but I might just take a drop to keep me going. The professionalism we saw earlier, was thrown out of the window the second the whiskey whisked down Jacks throat! But the amazing thing is that the rest of Jack Noonans team also join him in having a little nip. The humorous part of the story is displayed at the end. This is when Mary shows truly how intelligent she really is. After she killed Patrick with the lamb, she put the leg in the oven and began to cook it. Intending to clear her name completely, Marks asks the policemen if they would stay to eat. The ironic thing is that the detectives eat what they are looking for! This shows just how stupid these men are. Their chances of solving the crime are now slim to none. The detectives converse about the crime while they are eating: Whoever done it, theyre not going to be carrying a thing like that around with them longer than they need. Personally, I think its right here on the premises. Probably right under our very noses. At this point, Mary is probably very smug indeed. She now knows that she is out of the woods and free of suspicion. She has the right to be happy, And in the other room, Mary Maloney began to giggle. I enjoyed this ending but it is different from the usual stories where the good people are victorious and the bad person is caught. Sherlock Holmes on the other hand, is no ordinary detective. He is a super detective. One that always solves the crime. Holmes is a super sleuth and never takes up any ordinary cases. He always goes for something that would prove to be challenging. He refused to associate himself with any investigation that did not tend towards the unusual. When reading a Sherlock Holmes based story, written by Arthur Conan Doyle, you dont expect anything besides Detective Holmes emerging victorious. Even in a time when forensic sciences were not available, the clever deductions and observations, always got Sherlock his man. During the times of Sherlock Holmes, the ignorance of the Victorian society resented any change in lifestyle. They found it hard to cope with developments and found stability in their solid living styles. If anything went wrong in their lives, Sherlock Holmes was their defender. Sherlock Holmes was to the Victorians, as Superman is to the people of Metropolis. The unalterable fact that comforted the Victorians so much was that Sherlock Holmes would never be beaten. He held all the qualities that were envied by people from the Victorian age. He was extremely boastful and enjoyed showing it to others. He was amusingly witty and used this quality to destroy his enemies. He wasnt afraid of digging deep into the darkness of Londons underground darkness; prostitution and opium dens. It was extremely satisfying for the people of London to know that the warmth of Holmes shadow was always towering over them. Holmes was the superhero of that era; always dependable in a sticky, unforgiving situation. When Holmes first meets Helen, he doesnt even have to ask about her journey. The information and the way he finds out is very surprising. From just looking at the ticket in her hand, and the state of her clothes, he depicts her whole journey. It is like he mentally scans Helen and compiles a report on her. You had a good drive in a dog-cart, along heavy roads. Holmes realizes this just by analyzing the splashes of mud on Helens clothes. Helen is very startled when she hears this. She too cannot believe it. It shows that Holmes is a very good detective. He is good at observing things and finding out obscure and inconspicuous details. Mr. Holmes knows himself that he is a very good detective. He is not at all modest and at some points even boastful. He knows that he is very clever and doesnt fray from showing it. He basically tells us that he had solved the crime before even setting foot in Roylotts room. I had come to those conclusions before ever I had entered his room. We can see just how different the two detectives are in this story. They are complete opposites. One solves the crime, the other eats the main lead! The main difference between these two short stories is that one of them has the crime solved, and the other doesnt. Throughout reading both stories, you continually notice the traditional and not so traditional aspects of both. Both stories are completely opposite, so it is easy to spot their differences. Not one element in both stories is the same. The crime in one is serious; the crime in the other is almost a joke. The villain in one is a six months pregnant woman and the villain in the other is an intelligent, fierce doctor. The stories end in different ways, but both have satisfactory endings nonetheless. In Lamb to the Slaughter, Mary gets away with murder, which is what we want. In The Speckled Band, Dr. Roylott is killed, which is also what we want. The stories are both different in the way that they are told. In Lamb to the Slaughter, we know exactly what has happened, and the detective doesnt. In The Specked Band we are kept in suspense, because we know just as much as the detective. In my opinion, Lamb to the Slaughter was a more enjoyable story. It provides a welcome twist to the genre. It contains humour, which lightens the atmosphere. I think that more authors should follow in Roald Dahls example and write murder mysteries that dont always follow the rules. It would be nice if every book made you smile as you closed it, just as this one did.
Saturday, March 14, 2020
BS/MS PROGRAM IN COMPUTER SCIENCE Essays - Graduate School BS/MS PROGRAM IN COMPUTER SCIENCE Application to the Program General Information The Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) of the University at Buffalo offers a program leading to the simultaneous conferral of a BS and MS degrees in Computer Science (CS). This program has several advantages over separately earning the BS (CS) degree then the MS (CS), 134 credit hours compared to 150 credit hours Opportunity to compete for graduate financial assistance before BS conferral Guaranteed admission to the Graduate School for students making satisfactory progress in the program. Students applying to the BS/MS Program in Computer Science can complete the combined program in five years. For the purposes of financial aid and tuition, students are considered graduate students in the beginning of their seventh semester of the program (the semester in which the student carries more graduate credits than UG credits). Students may apply after completing At least 56 credits A minimum GPA of 3.3 among all required CSE, MTH, and EAS courses. It is recommended that candidates complete CSE115, CSE116, CSE191, CSE241, CSE250, *MTH141, *MTH142, and a calculus-based probability or statistics course prior to applying. Transfer students must complete at least one semester at the university before applying to this program. Applications must be accompanied By two letters of recommendation from our CSE faculty and emailed/given to Donna Grant, CSE Undergraduate Advisor in 338R Davis Along with a current copy of your advising report. Applications are reviewed by the Director of Undergraduate Studies and Director Graduate Admissions. Applicants will be notified via email of the determination. *Unless exempted by an SAT score, Advanced Placement credits, or transfer credits. BS/MS PROGRAM APPLICATION To be completed by Applicant: 1. Name _________________________________ Date: ________________ 2. Person Number: _______________ 4. Email: _______________________ 5. CSE and Math courses completed with grades and number of credit hours: Cr. / Grade Cr. / Grade Cr. / Grade __________ ( ) ( ) __________ ( ) ( ) __________ ( ) ( ) __________ ( ) ( ) __________ ( ) ( ) __________ ( ) ( ) __________ ( ) ( ) __________ ( ) ( ) __________ ( ) ( ) 6. CSE and Math courses being taken this semester: Cr. __________ ( ) __________ ( ) __________ ( ) ____________ ( ) Two letters of reference are required from CSE faculty, in which both general comments on the applicant's talent, training, and character, as well as specific comments on the suitability of the applicant for an accelerated program in C.S., is solicited. 7. First reference's name ___________________________________ 8. Second reference's name _________________________________ Please instruct your references to email their recommendation letter to [emailprotected] or provide their letter directly to me in hard copy. 9. Signature _______________________________ Date _______________ For office use only The above named student is approved for BS/MS program. Accepted ____________________ Denied ______________________ __________________________________ ______________________________ Atri Rudra, Ph.D. Tevfik Kosar, Ph.D. Director, Undergraduate Studies Director, Graduate Admissions *Updated 2/13/2014
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Philosophical Analogy - Essay Example While Plato was Aristotle's mentor, Foucault was once Derrida's teacher. Derrida and Foucault are both French philosophers who are part of 20th-Century-Western Philosophy. As would be expected, the latter philosophers would have a considerable amount of study on the works or references of the earlier theorists. Derrida's work Plato's Pharmacy is an attack to Plato's famous work Phaedrus. While Foucault counters Aristotle's "enduring substances" with his claim that everything is "historically contingent". Plato's Phaedrus "is a rich and enigmatic text that treats a range of important philosophical issues, including metaphysics, the philosophy of love, and the relation of language to reality, especially in regard to the practices of rhetoric and writing" (Zuern par. 1). In this particular dialogue, Plato through the character Socrates (with his conversation with Phaedrus) shows explicit criticisms on the art of rhetoric and writing. He argues that rhetoric is not based on truth but that rhetoric practitioners can and will "make small things appear great and great things small", and adds that these people "have discovered how to argue concisely and at infinite length about any subject" and use "words' magic spell" (267). His stance is that, rhetoric is misleading and only aims to be persuasive to achieve its goal in whatever means, without being truthful. It is, as far as he is concerned, only dependent on language and words and not on truth. What Plato favors and promotes is the use of his dialectical method, the method which is "capable of helping itself as well as the (person) who planted it" and "produces a seed from which more discourse grows in the character of others" (277). The idea is that, compared to rhetoric (writing), the dialectical method (speech), can construe clearer definitions by means of producing further discussions, which would validate or not the claim of truth, and thus, would achieve value, with the truth it is affirming and not merely by the rhetoric of writing. This argument is deconstructed by Derrida in his work Plato's Pharmacy, where he centralizes his analogy on Plato's use of the term pharmakon in his works. With that analogy, Derrida highlights the ambiguity of Plato's distinction of the sophist's rhetoric from the philosopher's dialectical method. Derrida questions Plato's preference of "living" speech over "dead" writing. To understand the way Derrida deconstructed Plato's Phaedrus, it is important to go back to the latter's work and analyze the way pharmakon was used. First off though, we have to establish what the term means prior to Plato's context. Pharmakon is "from a Greek word meaning both poison and cure" (Maslin par. 8). Thus, it has a neutral stance, it does not have a negative or a positive connotation attached to it. It can either be a harmful poison or a helpful medicine, making the word ambiguous and would only take its meaning depending on the context of its use. The term is first encountered on Phaedrus, taking on a different form pharmacia. On their way to leave Athens, Phaedrus and Socrates came across the place where it was said that the mythic Oreithuia was taken away by Boreas. Socrates then goes to assume that perhaps "a gust of the North Wind blew (Oreithuia) over the rocks where she was playing with Pharmacia; and once she was killed that way people